Panasonic has put high-quality images at the fingertips of snapshooters and photo enthusiasts alike with the GM-1, a miracle of miniaturization. At a teeny 3.88x2.16x1.2 inches and featherweight 0.38 pounds (body only), the Panasonic Lumix GM-1 can claim to be the smallest and lightest interchangeable-lens camera in the world. It does this while using a 16MP Micro Four Thirds sensor that measures 17.3x13mm, a touchscreen interface, and a full set of features typically found on larger cameras.
Who it's for:
Snapshooters stepping up from smaller-sensor compact digital cameras and smartphones
Photo enthusiasts who want a pocketable camera with advanced picture-taking capabilities
Even though the GM-1 is roughly 20 percent smaller than its big sibling, the recently-announced Panasonic GX-7, it offers a full menu of features to satisfy demanding enthusiasts as well as simple controls that will put high-quality image-making at the fingertips of even the most inexperienced shooter. How did Panasonic make the camera so small? The company says they optimized the layout of internal electronic components with high-density mounting, resulting in a savings of around 30 percent of the space normally taken up by the circuit board.
The GM-1 offers an extensive variety of AF functions, such as Low Light AF, Pinpoint AF, and One-shot AF, which can be employed to handle a variety of shooting situations. The camera is controlled via a 3-inch touch screen LCD monitor; users touch the screen and it snaps to focus-and takes the picture.
Video choices include 1080p at 60i and 50i, recording in AVCHD and MP4 format with stereo sound via a built-in mike. There's also a 24p video, which produces a cinema-like look. Full-time autofocus and tracking autofocus is available in video recording.
The GM-1 also is equipped with Wi-Fi connectivity, allowing users to transfer images directly to their smartphones and tablets; users can also control the camera from the Wi-Fi devices via a downloadable free app from Panasonic.
Ergonomically, the GM-1 features a leartherlike grip for easier hand-holdability but if that isn't enough, there's also an optional Hand Grip DMW-HGR1, which makes the grip somewhat larger.
Features for Beginners
Panasonic's iA (Intelligent Auto) mode supports beginner-level photographers by giving them a variety of shooting-assist functions. This is a key feature since a camera this size may find an eager audience among snapshooters.
Beginner-oriented features include new Intelligent Handheld Nightshot and iHDR (Intelligent High Dynamic Range) in addition to AF Tracking, Intelligent D-range Control, Intelligent Scene Selector, Face Recognition and Intelligent ISO Control. The Intelligent Handheld Nightshot generates a glamorous night scenery with optimum illumination by multi-layering the images shot consecutively even without using a tripod. With the iHDR, max. 6 images consecutively shot at different exposure levels can be overlaid to produce a single composite picture without whiteout (over-exposure) or blackout (under-exposure) in difficult lighting situations.
The iA Plus mode lets users adjust defocusing area in the background, exposure compensation and white balance for more flexible control.
The Scene Guide offers 23 sample pictures shot by professional photographers. Users can choose the one closer to the situation they are going to shoot and optimum parameters for shooting the scene will be automatically set. Furthermore, shooting procedure, technical advice and recommended interchangeable lens for the scene can be shown for users to learn photography.
More about the Sensor
The DMC-GM1 incorporates 16.00-megapixel, large Digital Live MOS Sensor complying with Micro Four Thirds system standard that achieves both higher resolution and higher sensitivity image recording with less noise.
The photodiode in each pixel is enlarged thanks to the adoption of cutting-edge Semiconductor Fine Technology to improve color saturation by approx. 10%, according to Panasonic, and the redesigned on-chip lens enhances light condensation to achieve approx. 10% higher sensitivity. Not only these, noise generation is minimized in both pixel circuit and digital signal readout circuit to provide better S/N ratio by approx. 25%.
The image processor Venus Engine features its advanced noise reduction systems. By extending the control level of noise, controllable area of noise is expanded by approx. 64x in size. This makes it possible to remove large block of noise which was formally hard to detect and helps produce clear, smooth image especially for the nighttime scenery. In addition, the Multi-process NR (Noise Reduction) works in two separate steps allowing even finer control over noise level. The texture of noise itself, regardless of the noise size, is improved with this deliberate control, which is resulting in the reproduction of smooth human skin even in high sensitivity recording.
Furthermore, the optimum design of newly adopted Detail Reproduction Filter Process enhances the limit resolution by max. 3% and the contrast of middle to high range by max. 5%. Plus, the advanced Intelligent D-range Control offers wider dynamic range while maintaining the smooth gradation thanks to the high-precision signal processing. Suppressing both blocked shadows and blown highlights, every part of an image - from dark to bright - is faithfully reproduced. The combination of the Digital Live MOS Sensor and the Venus Engine achieves approx. 10% finer detail reproduction, making it possible to capture clear image even in low lit situations and allows max. ISO 25600.
The DMC-GM1 complies with image recording in RAW. The bundled software SILKYPIX Developer Studio 4.1 SE allows dramatically higher quality image development from RAW to JPEG. Even the images shot at high ISO setting can be produced sharply with minimum noise. This software also enables high quality JPEG processing, that lets users to adjust images in 16 bit data and re-develop it into JPEG with minimum deterioration of image quality.
All cameras of LUMIX G, and DMC-GM1 adopt Contrast AF for its focus system. Compared with the Phase difference system AF, the Contrast AF boasts higher accuracy especially in shooting with bright lens with small F value. The DMC-GM1 features high-speed Light Speed AF, making it possible to capture even the fast-moving subject clearly. Not only the accuracy but also the speed of AF in DMC-GM1 surpasses the high-end DSLRs with Phase difference.
The camera and the lens exchange the digital signal at max. 240 fps to minimize the time to focus. The DMC-GM1 realizes the high speed burst shooting at 5 fps in 16.00-megapixel and max. 40 fps using an electronic shutter. Also, AF Tracking enables consecutive shooting to capture moving subject in sharp focus at 4.0 fps.
The Low Light AF, which is popular in LUMIX G DSLM cameras, is incorporated making it possible to set focus on the subject more precisely in such as moonlight even without AF assist lamp. It further enhances the performance to work in -4EV lower lit situations, which is as dark as starry sky with no other light source.
With the Pinpoint AF, users can magnify the target area to set focus by 5x by just touching it on the monitor. Magnification using dial is also available and this can be selectable from 3x to 10x enlargement by 0.1x step. Picture-in-picture display is available and the magnification ratio of in-frame picture is selectable from 3x to 6x seamlessly, which enables users to set precise focus on the target point while seeing the whole image composition. The One-shot AF enables using AF even in MF mode by just pressing the Fn (Function) button to set rough focus on the subject and you can go back to MF just to adjust precise focus.
|Camera Type||Digital Single Lens Mirrorless camera|
|Recording media||SD memory card, SDHC memory card, SDXC memory card (Compatible with UHS-I standard SDHC/SDXC memory cards)|
|Image sensor size||17.3 x 13.0 mm (in 4:3 aspect ratio)|
|Lens mount||Micro Four Thirds mount|
|Image Sensor Type||Live MOS Sensor|
|Total pixels||16.84 Megapixels|
|Camera effective pixels||16.00 Megapixels|
|Color filter||Primary color filter|
|Dust reduction system||Supersonic wave filter|
|Recording file format||Still Image: JPEG(DCF, Exif 2.3), RAW, MPO (When attaching 3D lens in Micro Four Thirds standard)
Motion Image: AVCHD (Audio format: Dolby Digital 2 ch)/ MP4 (Audio format AAC 2ch)
|Aspect ratio||4:3, 3:2, 16:9, 1:1|
|Image quality||RAW, RAW+Fine, RAW+Standard, Fine, Standard, MPO+Fine, MPO+Standard (When attaching 3D lens in Micro Four Thirds System standard)|
|Color space||sRGB, Adobe RGB|
|File size(Pixels): Still Image||[4:3] 4592x3448(L) / 3232x2424(M) / 2272x1704(S) / 1824x1368(When attaching 3D lens in Micro Four Third System standard)
[3:2] 4592x3064(L) / 3232x2160(M) / 2272x1520(S) / 1824x1216(When attaching 3D lens in Micro Four Third System standard)
[16:9] 4592x2584(L) / 3232x1824(M) / 1920x1080(S) / 1824x1024(When attaching 3D lens in Micro Four Third System standard)
[1:1] 3424x3424(L) / 2416x2416(M) / 1712x1712(S) / 1712x1712(When attaching 3D lens in Micro Four Third System standard)
|File size(Pixels): Motion Image||MP4: NTSC (area): [Full HD]1920x1080, 30fps (sensor output is 30p, 20Mbps)
[HD]1280x720, 30fps (sensor output is 30p, 10Mbps)
[VGA] 640x480, 30fps (sensor output is 30p, 4Mbps)
PAL (area): [Full HD] 1920x1080, 25fps (sensor output is 25p, 20Mbps)
[HD] 1280x720, 25fps (sensor output is 25p, 10Mbps)
[VGA] 640x480, 25fps (sensor output is 25p, 4Mbps)
|File size(Pixels): AVCHD||NTSC (area): [Full HD] 1920x1080, 60i (sensor output is 60p, 17Mbps)
[Full HD] 1920x1080, 60i (sensor output is 30p, 24Mbps)
[Full HD] 1920x1080, 24p (sensor output is 24p, 24Mbps)
[HD] 1280 x 720, 60p (sensor output is 60p, 17Mbps)
PAL (area): [Full HD] 1920x1080, 50i (sensor output is 50p, 17Mbps)
[Full HD] 1920x1080, 50i (sensor output is 25p, 24Mbps)
[Full HD] 1920x1080, 24p (sensor output is 24p, 24Mbps)
[HD] 1280 x 720, 50p (sensor output is 50p, 17Mbps)
|Continuous recordable time||AVCHD: Approx. 80 min with H-FS12032
AVCHD: Approx. 80 min with H-H020A
|Actual recordable time||AVCHD: Approx. 40 min with H-FS12032
AVCHD: Approx. 40 min with H-H020A
|Flicker reduction||[1/50] / [1/60] / [1/100] / [1/120] / OFF|
|Wi-Fi||IEEE 802.11b/g/n, 2412MHz - 2462MHz (11ch), Wi-Fi / WPA / WPA2, Infrastructure mode|
|Focus Type||Contrast AF system|
|Focus mode||AFS (Single) / AFF (Flexible) / AFC (Continuous) / MF|
|AF mode||Face detection / AF Tracking / 23-area-focusing / 1-area-focusing / Pinpoint|
|AF detective range||EV -4 - 18 (ISO100 equivalent)|
|AF assist lamp||YES|
|AF lock||Set the Fn button in custom menu to AF lock|
|Light metering system||1728-zone multi-pattern sensing system|
|Light metering mode||Multiple / Center Weighted / Spot|
|Metering range||EV 0 - 18 (F2.0 lens, ISO100 equivalent)|
|Exposure mode||Program AE, Aperture Priority AE, Shutter Priority AE, Manual,|
|ISO sensitivity||Auto / Intelligent ISO / 125 (Extended) / 200 / 400 / 800 / 1600 / 3200 / 6400 / 12800 / 25600 (Changeable to 1/3 EV step) (Standard Output Sensitivity)|
|Exposure compensation||1/3EV Step ±5EV|
|AE lock||Set the Fn button in custom menu to AE lock|
|AE bracket||3,5,7 frame, in 1/3, 2/3 or 1EV Step, Max.±3 EV|
|White balance||Auto / Daylight / Cloudy / Shade / Incandescent / Flash / White Set 1, 2 / Color temperature setting|
|White balance adjustment||Blue/amber bias, Magenta/green bias|
|Color temperature setting||2500-10000K in 100K|
|White balance bracket||3 exposures in blue/ amber axis or in magenta/ green axis|
|Shutter Type||Electronically-control focal-plane shutter/ Electronic shutter|
|Shutter speed||Still Images: 60 - 1/16,000
Motion image: 1/30 - 1/16000 (NTSC), 1/25 - 1/16000 (PAL)
|Self timer||3 images after 10sec / 2sec / 10sec|
|Still image||Clear Portrait / Silky Skin / Backlit Softness / Relaxing Tone / Sweet Child's Face / Distinct Scenery / Bright Blue Sky / Romantic Sunset Glow / Vivid Sunset Glow / Glistening Water / Clear Nightscape / Cool Night Sky / Warm Glowing Nightscape / Artistic Nightscape / Glittering Illuminations / Handheld Night Shot / Clear Night Portrait / Soft Image of a Flower / Appetizing Food / Cute Dessert / Freeze Animal Motion / Clear Sports Shot / Monochrome|
|Video||Clear Portrait / Silky Skin / Backlit Softness / Relaxing Tone / Sweet Child's Face / Distinct Scenery / Bright Blue Sky / Romantic Sunset Glow / Vivid Sunset Glow / Clear Nightscape / Cool Night Sky / Warm Glowing Nightscape / Artistic Nightscape / Handheld Night Shot / Clear Night Portrait / Appetizing Food / Cute Dessert / Freeze Animal Motion / Clear Sports Shot / Monochrome|
|Burst speed||Mechanical Shutter - H: 5.0 frames/sec(with AFS), 4.0 frames/sec(with AFC, In 1-area-focusing AF mode), M: 4.0 frames/sec with Live View, L: 2.0 frames/sec with Live View
Electronic Shutter - SH: 40.0 frames/sec, H: 10.0 frames/sec, M: 4.0 frames/sec with Live View, L: 2.0 frames/sec with Live View
|Number of recordable images||7 images (when there are RAW files with the particular speed)
Unlimited consecutive shooting (when there are no RAW files)
(depending on memory card size, battery power, picture size and compression)
|Built-In-Flash Type||TTL Built-in-Flash, GN5.6 equivalent (ISO 200m), GN4.0 equivalent (ISO 100m), Built-in Pop-up|
|Flash mode||Auto, Auto/Red-eye Reduction, Forced On, Forced On/Red-eye Reduction, Slow Sync., Slow Sync./Red-eye Reduction, Forced Off (for iA, iA+ only)|
|Synchronization speed||Less than 1/50 second|
|Flash synchronization||1st. Curtain Sync, 2nd. Curtain Sync|
|LCD Monitor Type||TFT LCD with Touch panel|
|Monitor size||3.0inch / 3:2 Aspect / Wide-viewing angle|
|Field of view||Approx. 100%|
|Monitor adjustment||Brightness, Contrast and Saturation, Red tint, Blue tint|
|Digital zoom||2x, 4x|
|Extra Tele Conversion||Still image: Max.2.4x (Aspect ratio sets at 16:9. Not effective with L size recording. Magnification ratio depends on the recording pixels and aspect ratio.)
Motion image: 2.4x (FHD/60i, FHD/30p, FHD/24p in NTSC area / FHD/50i, FHD/25p, FHD/24p in PAL area), 3.6x (HD/60p, HD/30p in NTSC area / HD/50p, HD/25p in PAL area), 4.8x (VGA/30p in NTSC area / VGA/25p in PAL area)
|Live View: Other functions||Guide Lines (3 patterns)
|Direction Detection Function||Yes|
|Function Button||Fn1, Fn2, Fn3, Fn4, Fn5, Fn6 (Wi-Fi / AF/AE LOCK / AF-ON / One Push AE / Touch AE / Preview / Level Gauge / Zoom Control / Photo Style / Aspect Ratio / Picture Size / Quality / Sensitivity / Metering Mode / i.Dynamic / i.Resolution / HDR / Shutter Type / Flash Mode / Flash Adjust / Ex. Tele Conv. / Digital Zoom / Stabilizer / Restore to Default / Motion Pic. Set / Picture Mode / Silent Mode / AFS/AFF / Peaking / Histogram / Guide Line / Rec Area / Step Zoom / Zoom Speed)|
|Creative Control: Still image||Expressive / Retro / Old Days / High Key / Low Key / Sepia / Monochrome / Dynamic Monochrome / Rough Monochrome / Silky Monochrome / Impressive Art / High Dynamic / Cross Process / Toy Effect / Toy Pop / Bleach Bypass / Miniature Effect / Soft Focus / Fantasy / Star Filter / One Point Color / Sunshine|
|Creative Control: Video||Expressive / Retro / Old Days / High Key / Low Key / Sepia / Monochrome / Dynamic Monochrome / Impressive Art / High Dynamic / Cross Process / Toy Effect / Toy POP / Bleach Bypass / Miniature Effect / Fantasy / One Point Color|
|Exposure Mode||Program AE/ Aperture-Priority / Sutter-Priority / Manual Exposure|
|Still image and Video||Standard / Vivid / Natural / Monochrome / Scenery / Portrait / Custom|
|Playback mode||Normal playback, 30-thumbnail display, 12-thumbnail display, Calendar display, Zoomed playback (16x Max.), Slideshow (duration & effect is selectable), Playback Mode (Normal/Picture/Video/3D Play/Category/Favorite), Title Edit, Location Logging, Clear Retouch, Text Stamp, Video Divide, Stop Motion Video, Time Lapse Video, Resize, Cropping, Rotate, Favorite, Print set, Protect, Face Recognition Edit, Highlight display|
|Protection||Single / Multi, Cancel|
|Erase||Single / Multi / All / Except Favorite|
|Direct print||PictBridge compatible|
|USB||USB 2.0 High Speed Multi|
Video: Auto / 1080i / 720p / 480p (576p in PAL system)
|Audio video output||Monaural Type, NTSC/PAL, NTSC only for North America|
|OSD language||English, German, French, Italian, Spanish, Polish, Czech, Hungarian, Russian, Chinese (Traditional), Chinese (Simplified), Dutch, Thai, Korean, Turkish, Portuguese, Arabic, Persian, Japanese, Swedish, Danish, Finnish, Greek, Vietnamese|
|Battery||Li-ion Battery Pack (7.2V/680mAh/4.9Wh) Battery Charger (Included)|
|Battery life (CIPA standard)||Approx. 220 images with H-H020A
Approx. 230 images with H-FS12032
|Operating temperature||0deg.C to 40deg.C (32deg.F to 104deg.F)|
|Operating humidity||10% RH to 80% RH|
|Software||PHOTOfunSTUDIO 9.2 AE (Windows XP/Vista/7/8)
SILKYPIX Developer Studio 4.1 SE (Windows XP/Vista/7/8, Mac OS X v10.5/v10.6/v10.7/v10.8)
LoiLoScope (trial version) (Windows XP/Vista/7/8)
|Dimensions (W x H x D)||98.5 x 54.9 x 30.4 mm / 3.87 x 2.16 x 1.19" (including protrusions)|
|Weight||Approx. 204 g / 7.19 oz (SD card, Battery, Body)
Approx. 173 g / 6.10 oz (Body only)